Structure of Indian Constitution

The Indian Constitution can be basically divided into :

  • The Preamble

  • The different Parts

  • The different Schedules

At the time of formation of Constitution that is on 26th January, 1950. It had 22 Parts and 8 Schedules, but now it has 25 Parts and 12 Schedules

  1. Preamble:

    • The constitution starts with the Preamble
    • We will discuss Preamble in detail in next chapter
  2. Parts:

    • There are currently 25 Parts
    • Each Part has several Articles
    • At the time of formation of Constitution there were 295 Articles, but now it is more than 400
    • The numbering of Articles are from 1 to 395
    • Any new Article added is added in between with names like 51A after 51
  3. Schedules:

    • These are separate from Articles
    • There were 8 schedules at time of formation of constitution but now there are 12

This is the basic structure of the Indian Constitution. Apart from these there are also Appendices but they are not important as per exam point of view.

Now let’s see the different Parts and Articles:

Part I                The Union and its territory                                                                        Art. 1 to 4
Part II               Citizenship                                                                                                    Art. 5 to 11
Part III              Fundamental Rights                                                                                   Art. 12 to 35
Part IV             Directive Principles                                                                                     Art. 36 to 51
Part IVA          Fundamental Duties                                                                                          Art. 51A
Part V             The Union                                                                                                         Art. 52 to 151
Part VI            The States                                                                                                        Art. 152 to 237
Part VII           Repealed by Const. (7th Amendment) Act, 1956
Part VIII          The Union Territories                                                                             Art. 239 to 242
Part IX            The Panchayats                                                                                      Art. 243 to 243O
Part IXA          The Muncipalities                                                                                Art. 243P to 243ZG
Part IXB          The Co-operative Societies                                                                Art. 243ZH to 243ZT
Part X             The Scheduled and Tribal Areas                                                              Art. 244 to 244A
Part XI            Relations between the Union and the States                                         Art. 245 to 263
Part XII           Finance, Property, Contracts and Suits                                                  Art. 264 to 300A
Part XIII         Trade, Commerce and Intercourse within the Territory of India      Art. 301 to 307
Part XIV         Services under the Union and the States                                              Art. 308 to 323
Part XIVA       Tribunals                                                                                                 Art. 323A to 323B
Part XV           Elections Art.                                                                                                324 to 329A
Part XVI          Special provisions relating to certain classes                                       Art. 330 to 342
Part XVII        Official Language                                                                                       Art. 343 to 351
Part XVIII       Emergency Provisions                                                                              Art. 352 to 360
Part XIX         Miscellaneous                                                                                              Art. 361 to 367
Part XX          Amendment of the Constitution                                                                  Art. 368
Part XXI        Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions                                    Art. 369 to 392
Part XXII       Short title, commencement, authoritative text in Hindi and repeals Art. 393 to 395

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Thank you for reading the article. Good Luck for your upcoming exams. From the Vedic academy.

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