Sangam Age : Cholas, Cheras Pandyas

Sangam Age: – Cholas,Cheras,Pandyas

SANGAM AGE (200 BCE -)

CHOLAS

  • Capital: – Uraiyur (Ancient Chola Empire, Chola Empire in 600 BC- Capital- Tanjor)
  • Emblem: – Tiger
  • Most Important Ruler: – Karikala
  • Famous for Cotton
  • Famous Port:- Kavenpattnam

CHERAS

  • Capital: – Vanji
  • Emblem: -Bow
  • Most Important Ruler: – Senguttuvan(Red Chera)

PANDAYS

  • Capital- Madurai
  • Emblem- Fish
  • Most Important Ruler- Nendujelliyan
  • Famous for Pearls

SANGAM LITERATURE

  • It was an assembly of Tamil Poets held under patronage of Pandyan Kings.
  • Total Assemblies – 03

 

First Sangam Assembly

  • Believed to be attended by Gods
  • No surviving text available.
  • Chairman:- Rishi Agatsya/Agguityar (also know as Father of Tamil Literature)

 

Second Sangam Assembly

  • 1 Surviving Text- “Tolakappiyam” written by Tolakappiyar (Note :- It is also the oldest text of Tamil Literature ) ,
  • Tolakappiyam is a book on Tamil Grammar.

 

Third Sangam Assembly

  • It was held in Mudrai
  • Many Text are remaining but most important among them is “Tirukunal”
  • Tirukunal was written by Tiruvalluvar, also know as “Bible of the South”.

To Go to next Chapter: CLICK HERE
To Go to History Notes Index Page: CLICK HERE

To Go to Indian Polity Notes: CLICK HERE

Thank You for reading the Article. Good Luck for your upcoming Exams.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *