Preamble of Indian Constitution

The Preamble of Indian Constitution is a brief introduction to the constitution of India and sets out the guiding principles and the core values of the Constitution of India.

It goes by:

 WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute  India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC  REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizen
JUSTICE, social, economic and political;
LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;
EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among  them all
FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity  and integrity of the Nation;
IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this  26th day of November,  1949, do                                             HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS  CONSTITUTION

The meaning of the key terms are:

Sovereign

India is a sovereign state in the sense that it  is internally supreme and externally independent.

 

Socialist

Socialist state basically means that wealth is generated socially and should be shared equally by society through distributive justice.It shall not  be concentrated in the hands of few. Government should regulate the ownership of land and industry to reduce socio-economic inequalities.

Secular

There is no difference of religion i.e. all religion are equally respected and moreover there is no state religion. All the citizens of India are  allowed to profess, practise and propagate any religion.

Democratic

The people of India elect their governments by a system of universal adult franchise; popularly known as “one man one vote”. Every citizen of  India, 18 years of age and above and not otherwise debarred by law, is entitled to vote.

Republic

In a republic form of government, the head of the state is an elected person and not a heredity monarch’

Justice

India seeks to secure social, economic and political justice for its people.

(i) Social Justice:

Social Justice means the absence of socially privileged classes in the society and no discrimination against any citizen on grounds of caste,  creed, color, religion, sex or place of birth. India stands for eliminating all forms of exploitation from the society.

(ii) Economic Justice:

Economic Justice means no discrimination between man and woman on the basis of income, wealth and economic status. It stands for  equitable distribution of wealth, economic equality, end of monopolistic control over means of production and distribution, decentralization  of economic resources, and securing of adequate opportunities to all for earning their living.

(iii) Political Justice:

Political Justice means equal, free and fair opportunities to the people for participation in the political process. It stands for the grant of equal  political rights to all the people without any discrimination. The Constitution of India provides for a liberal democracy in which all the people  have the right and freedom to participate.

Liberty

The idea of Liberty refers to the freedom on the activities of Indian nationals. However, liberty does not mean freedom to do anything, and it  must be exercised within the constitutional limits. T

Equality

This envisages that no section of the society enjoys special privileges and individuals are provided with adequate opportunities without any  discrimination.All are equal in front of law.

Fraternity

This refers to a feeling of brotherhood and a sense of belonging with the country among its people

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