Post Mauryan India
After Ashoka’s death, his successors were not able to keep the vast Mauryan kingdom intact. Provinces started declaring independence. North West India slipped out of Mauryan control & a series of foreign invasion affected this region.
- Kalinga declared its independence & in further south Satavahanas declared their independent rule
- As a result, the Mauryan empire was confined to Gangetic valley & soon replaced by Sunga dynasty
- The country got divided into two parts: one ruled by native rulers and the other ruled by the foreign rulers
- Founder of Sunga dynasty was Pushyamitra Sunga, who was commander in chief under the Mauryas.
- He assasinated the last Mauryan ruler & claimed the throne
- He revived orthodox hinduism and performed 2 Ashwamedha yajnas
- He also fought against Kharvela of Kalinga who invaded N- India
- Pushyamitra was a staunch follower of Brahamanism & persecuter of Budhhists, however he patronised buddhist art & during his reign Buddhist monuments of Bharut (MP) & Sanchi were renovated. Gateway Railing of Sanchi Stupa was built during Sunga period
- After death of Pushyamitra, his son Agnimitra became the ruler
- Agnimitra, the Sunga king was the hero of the Play later written by Kalidas : Malvika Agnimitra
- The last Sunga ruler was Devabhuti, Who was murdered by his own minister Vasudeva Kanva, Founder of Kanva dynasty.
- Kanva dynasty ruler for approx 45 years & then Supplanted by Satavahanas & few time later came Gupta’s at Magadha
- Founder of Kanva dynasty was Vasudeva
- Last ruler was Susarman
- Also known as the “Andhras”
- Founder : Simuka
- Greatest ruler: Gautamiputra Satakarni
- Amravati School of Arts flourished during this period
- First to give land grants to Brahmins
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