Part 4 of Indian Constitution: Directive Principles of State Policy

Some facts about DPSP : Directive Principles of State Policy

  • Part 4 of Indian Constitution mentions the DPSP Directive Principles of State Policy
  • Articles : 36 to 51
    • Article 36 defines the Term “State” who has to follow DPSPs
    • Article 37 defines the nature of DPSP: In this article it is mentioned that it is non justiciable in nature
    • Article 38 to 51 : The different DPSPs
  • It has been adopted from Constitution of Ireland

What is Directive Principles of State Policy?

  • These are the ideals that the policy makers and State must keep in mind before formulating policies and enacting laws. These represent the state of mind of the framers of the constitution of India for an ideal state.
  • These are not enforceable in court of law

There are 3 groups in which DPSPs can be divided:

  • Socio Economic Principles
  • Gandhian Principles
  • Liberal Principles

Different Articles:

Article 38: State to secure a social order for the promotion of the welfare of the people

Article 39: Certain principles of policy to be followed by the State

Article 39A: Equal justice and free legal aid

Article 40: Organisation of village panchayats

Article 41: Right to work, to education and to public assistance in certain cases

Article 42: Provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief

Article 43: Living wage, etc., for workers

Article 43A: Participation of workers in management of industries

Article 44: Uniform civil code for the citizen

Article 45: Provision for free and compulsory education for children

Article 46: Promotion of educational and economic interests of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and other weaker sections

Article 47: Duty of the State to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health

Article 48: Organization of agriculture and animal husbandry

Article 48A: Protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and wildlife

Article 49: Protection of monuments and places and objects of national importance

Article 50: Separation of judiciary from the executive

Article 51: Promotion of international peace and security

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