Indian Citizenship Act, 1955 : Provisions of gaining and Losing Citizenship of India

In the last chapter we studied about the Part 2 of the constitution. But presently we use Citizenship Act 1955 to decide how to gain Citizenship of India.

Indian Citizenship Act, 1955

Methods of gaining Citizenship of India:

  • By Birth: If a person is born in India before 1 July 1987
  • By Descent: If Mother or Father of a person in Citizen of India
  • By Naturalization: Last 1 year in India and a total of 12 out of 15 years in India
  • By Registration
  • By incorporation of Territory

Methods of losing the Citizenship of India:

  • Renunciation: By willingly forfeiting the citizenship of India
  • Deprivation: If a person remains outside of India continuously for more 7 years or more
  • Termination: As soon as a person accepts the Citizenship of some other country he loses Indian Citizenship

Different Amendments to Citizenship Act 1955

  • 1986: Citizenship given by birth was restricted to 1st July 1987
  • 1992: In Citizenship by Descent Mother was also included. Earlier it included only Father
  • 2003: Dual Citizenship Act, OCI (Overseas Citizen of India ) Card introduced
  • 2015: Merge of PIO (Person of Indian Origin) and OCI
  • 2016: Citizenship Amendment bill has been introduced. It’s still under debate.

Some important terms related to Citizenship of India:

  • NRI: Non Residing Citizen of India : India Citizen residing outside of India for more than 180 days
  • Person of Indian Origin (PIO) :
    • Upto great grandparents is an Indian Citizen
    • Spouse is a PIO
    • It is now merged with OCI
  • Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) :
    • Introduced by Dual Citizenship Act, 2003
    • OCI card was given to people who once were citizen of India but lost it by becoming citizen of other country

With this we complete the chapter of citizenship

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