History notes for SSC: The Vedic Age – Part 1

Hello students,

Today we will begin the Vedic Age of Indian History. We will be studying The Vedic Age in three parts.

  • Part 1: In part 1 we will study about the aryan/ Vedic Society
  • Part 2: In this part, we will study about Vedic Literature (Shruti)
  • Part 3: In the final part we will study Vedic Literature ( Smriti)

This is the part 1 of the Vedic Age. So let’s start the Vedic Society.

Vedic Society:

So we see in the above notes that Vedic Society can be divided into 2 parts:

  • Early vedic Age/ Rig Vedic Age
  • Later Vedic Age

Early Vedic Age:

  • It existed between 1500 BCE-1000 BCE
  • Rig Veda was written in this age
  • Most of the population in the Sapta Sindhava region
  • Chief:
    • Food: Dairy products
    • Food crop: Barley and wheat
    • God: Indra, Varun, Agni
    • Wealth: Cows, cattle
  • Varna system was occupational
  • Battle of 10 kings happened during this time: Dasrajan war(King Sudas won)


Iron was discovered in 1000 BCE whic lead to better equipments, hence better plough and agriculture, hence food became abundant.

As a result wealth shifted from cattles to land.

Later Vedic Age

  • Existed between 1000 BCE to 600 BCE
  • All the other Vedas were written in this age
  • Population shifted from Indus Valley to Ganga plains
  • Chief:
    • Food Crop: Rice and wheat
    • God: Prajapati Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesh
    • Wealth: Land and gold
    • Varna system became rigid

So with this we come to and of this part: vedic Society.

To read the next chapter: The vedic Literature  Click Here

Also watch video tutorials for this chapter: