Why Gupta Period was called “Golden Age of India” ? Gupta Art, Literature and Architecture

Why Gupta Period know as Golden age?

Creativity and Innovation flourished in the following field

  • Science, Technology, Maths & Astronomy
  • Literature
  • Art and Architecture
  • Various Temples

 

Science, Technology, Maths & Astronomy

  • Aryabhatta- Decimal Number System, Zero, Book- Aryabhattyam, & SunyaSiddhanta
  • Varahmihir- Book- Panchsididhanta & VirhatSamhita
  • Brahamgupta- Book- Brahama Siddhanta (Law of Gravitation)
  • Bhaskara- Book-Maha Bhaskara and Laghu Bhaskara

Literature

  • Kalidas- Play – Malvika Agnimitra (Shunga), Abhijika Shakuntalam , Poem- Meghadoot
  • Sudrak- Mrichhachakatikam
  • Vishakhadutta- Mudra Rukrhasham
  • Vishnu Sharma- Panchatantra, Hitoplesha
  • Vatsayan- Kumustra

 

Architecture & Temples

  • Vishnu Temple at Deogarh (near Jhansi)
  • Brick temple at Bhitrigaon
  • Ajanta Cave Paintings & Bagh Cave Paintings
  • “The great Boar”- Varah outside cave of Udaygiri
  • Temples- Shikhar style with Gurbhugriha – where god’s image was king.
  • 2m High Bronze Statue of Buddhist from- Bhagalpur, Bihar
  • Stupas- Mirpur Khus, Ratnagiri

 

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